Interactive feature – native language ethnic map of historical Hungary in 1910
After creating a map of the ethnic and the religious composition of Hungary based on the 2011 Census, now we’ve made an interactive version of the native-language ethnic data of the 1910 Census.
The geoinformatic data for the administrative boundaries of the municipalities in .shp extension come from the GISta Hungarorum project’s site. Then we joined the shp-s with the 1910 Census, which was the last before the Treaty of Trianon which led to the collapse of the Hungarian Kingdom.
In a previous interactive feature we visualised the movement of Hungarian migrants and refugees after the 1920 Treaty of Trianon:
István Dékány has recently published the online database that accompanies his book titled Orphans of Trianon (Trianoni árvák). The database contains data about Hungarians who were either deported from their homeland or who fled their homes after the Treaty of Trianon was signed in 1920.
The 1910 Census asked the native language of the Hungarian, German, Vlach (Romanian), Tót (Slovak), Serb and Croat respondents. The dataset provided by the GISta project also contains the ethnic data for the Ruthens (Rusins, Carpathian Russians and Ukrainians) and for the Vends (Slovens) from the 1890 Census. This map shows the aggregated data of the two different Census.
The map was made with the “random points inside polygons” method. In this case one dot represents one respondent. The video below shows one-by-one where those native-language/ethnic groups lived then.
The full, interactive, zoomable and searchable map is available on this link.
Infographics by Atlo Team, written and translated by Attila Bátorfy